Types of Fitness - Sports, Health, General and Specific
Physical fitness can be classified into following categories : Health Related, Sports Related , General and Specific.
Health related physical fitness – Health Related Physical fitness can best be defined as activity aimed to improve health. The goal of health- related fitness is prevention of or rehabilitation from disease as well as the development of a high level of functional capacity for daily tasks.
Health related physical fitness is further divided into 4 parts i.e components of health related physical fitness are -
1. Cardiovascular Endurance
2. Muscles strength and endurance
3. Body Composition
4. Muscular Flexibility
Sports Related Physical Fitness – Sports Related Physical fitness is directly towards optimizing athletic performance, recreational activity, increasing ability to work, and avoidance of injury. It is directly related to performance in games and sports.
General Physical Fitness – General Physical Fitness refers to the general body fitness. It will be clearer by the example: suppose a football team comprising of all playing 11 members are so much physically fit that all of them are able to play the whole game with full power and 90 minutes plus extra time if needed.
Specific Physical Fitness – Specific Physical fitness refers to the fitness of player in particular game or event or position e.g. suppose in the game of football the attackers should be specifically fit to convert the passes into the successful attempts given by their team mates. Similarly defenders in football should be specifically fit to tackle the coming attackers of opponent team and should not allow them to score a goal.
Physical Fitness Components | Body Fitness and Health 1. Speed: Speed is the ability of a person to execute motor movements with high speed in the shortest period of time. It is equal to the distance covered per unit of time. the element of speed is involved in most of the athletic skills such as